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Claude Monet the founder of Impressionism

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Oscar-Claude Monet was the French artist and a founder of French Impressionist painting. Monet was “the strength behind Impressionism and he practiced impressionist paintings throughout the major part of his art career.

The houses of Parliament 

He focused on catching the light and natural form of the object in his paintings. The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, Soleil Levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates.

He painted many landscape and seascape paintings of the French countryside. He painted the same scene many times just to capture changing light and passing of the season

The houses of parliament 

Claude Monet was born on 14 November in Paris, France. 

In November 1890, Monet purchased the house and surrounding land where he developed a beautiful garden with water lily ponds of different colors. The water lily is the subject of some of his best-known works. In next three decades, he created many masterpiece paintings of waterlily.

Water Lily Pond and Weeping Willow

Monet has been described as "the driving force behind Impressionism”. Crucial to the art of the Impressionist painters was the understanding of the effects of light on the objects, and the effects of the colors due to light and shadow. Monet's long career as a painter was spent in the pursuit of creating impressionist paintings.

He began to think in terms of colors and shapes rather than scenes and objects.

To study the effects of atmosphere Monet repeatedly painted the same subject in different lights, at different hours of the day, and through the changes of weather and season. This process began in the 1880s and continued until the end of his life in 1926.

Monet’s paintings are in the highest prices paid for the painting. Some of the paintings which are sold for millions of dollars are  Effects of Sun in the Fog, Le Pont du chemin de fer à Argenteuil, Le Bassin aux nymphéas (from the water lilies series).

Since 1980, Monet's Giverny home has housed the Claude Monet Foundation.

Following are some of his well-known paintings.

Woman with a Parasol - Madame Monet and Her Son (1875)

Woman with a Parasol - Madame Monet and Her Son (1875)

One of Monet's most popular figure paintings. In this painting, Monet focused on the play of light. Painting indicates the direction of light and direction of the wind. Woman’s face is shown in shadow. In his unique way, Monet has shown the face of the woman in shadow and not given much detailing of the facial features.

This painting is Oil on canvas and currently in possession of The National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

Rouen Cathedral: The Facade at Sunset (1894)

Rouen Cathedral: The Facade at Sunset (1894)

 This painting is part of the series of paintings. This painting is one of the most renowned paintings of Monet. To capture changing the light of the day he painted same cathedral painting many times. Yellow ochre and blue are the dominant colors of this painting. He focused on the play of light rather than detailing of the building features. Part of the Cathedral covers most of the painting and there is very little background or foreground.

This painting is Oil on canvas and currently in possession of Museums of Fine Arts, Boston

 Water Lilies (1915-1926)

Water Lilies (1915-1926)

In 1899 he began painting the water lilies with Japanese bridge as a central feature. Many of these water lily paintings are large scale. He continued to paint water lily paintings for almost next three decades.

Waterlilies is the series of approximately 250 oil paintings created by Monet. This is one of the paintings of series of waterlily paintings he created in his garden with water lily ponds. Water lily paintings are Monet’s most celebrated paintings.  He kept on creating water lily paintings until his death in 1926.Some of the waterlily paintings are huge in size. The color of the reflection of sky depicts the time of the day. 

Water Lilies and Japanese Bridge


Les Peupliers
Camille Monet on a Bench
Jean Monet on his Hobby Horse
Arrival of the Normandy Train Gare Saint Lazare
Grand Canal
Nympheas reflets de saule 
Bouquet of sunflowers


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